Stick fighting is also called creole wood, bois, and bataille bois, and is performed by men only. Top 10 books about trinidad and tobago claire adam books. The various groups of people who came contributed to the development of our overall culture and music and folklore in various ways. Stick and machete fighting in the new world part 1 what follows is the first part of a short series on new world stick and knife fighting traditions by my friend dr. Historians say they believe the first modern caribbean carnival originated in trinidad and tobago in the late 18th century when a flood of french settlers brought the fat tuesday masquerade party tradition with them to the island, although fat tuesday celebrations were almost certainly taking place at least a century before that. I wish they will change the name of trinidad and tobago to trinidadtobago or to revert to its original amerindians name kaire or lere, which means the land of humming birds.
Bois reviving trinidads stickfighting traditions largeup. Boats of different classes compete in different classes. At the moment, i am developing a historical research on african and african related cultures and i would like to know if you could kindly confirm whether the martial art called trinidad stick fighting is an original art from trinidad. The bois academy of trinidad and tobago, an organization dedicated to preserving the stickfighting tradition known as kalinda, is the subject of a new film words by tishanna williams kalinda is a dancelike marital art brought to caribbean slave plantations from the congo and angola, fought with a speciallycrafted and spirituallyprepared stick or bois bwah of about 4 feet in length. For me, the steel pan innovations, coupled with the authors historical input in. Stick fights between individuals or large gatherings between subtribes where men fight duels are an important part of the anthropological heritage of various cultures original research. Gerard besson and bridget brerertons the book of trinidad santa. Stickfighting, stickfighting, or stick fighting is a variety of martial arts which use simple long slender, blunt, handheld, generally wooden sticks for fighting.
Top 10 books about trinidad and tobago claire adam. It was through the development of the steel pan that the tamboo bamboo bands evolved into the steel bands which have become an integral aspect of annual carnival celebrations. Dec 30, 2019 explore jabawabba11s board african stick fighting on. Books calypso cannes brulees carnival girl pat kittle drums myths. As the name suggests, its a kind of sport where people hit each other with sticks. Calinda is a martial art, as well as kind of folk music and war dance in the caribbean which arose in the 1720s. Consisting of the main islands trinidad and tobago, and numerous much smaller islands, it is situated kilometres 81 miles south of grenada and 11 kilometres 6. The white and free coloured both staged elaborate masquerade balls at christmas and as a farewell to the flesh before the catholic lenten season, with each group.
The glorious days of trinidad carnival long ago featured stickfighting as a main attraction influenced by remembered celebrations in africa, the medieval times in england and the ghalka of. Trinidad stick fighting page 2 maybe they can have this as part of the curriculum in school like they do with the brazilian fighting arts that have become a big part of their culture. National stick fighting competition carded for february 7. The kalenda calinda, a stick dance probably of african origin, was a popular form of entertainment for male slaves. In 1937 stick fighting was reintroduced in controlled competitions. History of steelband panorama of trinidad and tobago, 19631990 by gideon maxime, 1990, s. In the second half of the 19th century canboulay and stickfights dominated the carnival. See more ideas about class projects, carnival, trinidad. New vocabulary for the stick fighting novice like myself include. National stick fighting finals 2017 a national stick fighting competition will be held on wednesday, february 7 at the clifton hill beach resort, volunteer road, point fortin, starting at. The mans yelling and screaming brought people running to the rescue. The stick fighting competition is growing in popularity every year and will remain as one of the carnival traditions from the early days of gros jean. Jan 22, 2016 this instrument was invented in trinidad and tobago during the 1930s in the communities surrounding the city of port of spain.
Virtually every aspect of tobagos rich history and culture is celebrated throughout the year, with yachting regattas, emancipation day, harvest festivals, the annual heritage festival and the new tobago jazz experience. But everyone knows that trinidad is the mother of all west. Both trinidad and tobago were originally settled by amerindians who came through south america. The merikins have always been known for their strong sense of industry, autonomy and cultural retention. Calinda or kalenda stick fighting photos courtesy the carnival institute of trinidad and tobago citt the kalenda calinda, a stick dance, owed its origins to precolonial times, as early as the late 1700s. Today, stick fighting gayelles all over trinidad and tobago form an important attraction as part of the annual carnival celebrations. Theres a good chance your holiday will coincide with one of the many festivals and events in tobago. She had was a cultural activist for over 20 years and was a member of the regional carnival commission with responsibility for coordinating national stick fighting competitions. From 1783 for half a century, the french developed their carnival, which was noted to be a season of gay and elegant festivities extending from christmas to ash wednesday. Details about stick fighting for self defense telnet vintage martial arts 1st edition pb book. Trinidad carnival dates back to the 18th century, and the influx of french catholic planters both white and free coloured their slaves, and free blacks in the 1780s.
The science of stick fighting the caribbean girl nadine. Normally, the stick fighting takes place in the open in a gayelle gayal or circle formed by the onlookers. Oct 22, 20 central to understanding much of the trinidadian psyche is to understand the festival culture of the island. Dec 11, 2009 open library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. In the overall this article is straightforward reference and an interesting reference for beginning students in trinidadtobago history. Trinidad was first settled by preagricultural archaic people at least 7,000 years ago, making it the earliest settled part of the caribbean. The carnival of the underworld trinidads jamette carnival.
Jul 24, 2018 trinidad n tobago man fight for woman, man say he dont know what he talking about duration. Stick fighting for self defense telnet vintage martial. This might give some of our youth something to do instead of selling marijuana. African cultural influences trinidad started late as a colony, which was partly the reason that it experienced several waves of immigration lasting from the 1780s to the 1950s. Trinidad stick fight 2019 semi final mayaro youtube. Carnival in trinidad and tobago is one of grandeur, colour, revelry, rhythm, and. Stick fighting for self defense telnet vintage martial arts.
Mar 25, 20 stick fighting was banned in 1880 in response to the canboulay riots. To find out more about tobagos culture and heritage or to book your stay visit the tobago hotel and tourism associations new website at or phone 868 6399543. Protector we could do better than that 2018 calypso fiesta calypso monarch semi finals live duration. It is an agile and dexterous dance performed to drums and chants while the dancers engage in mock combat with their sticks bois. Calypso is a style of afrocaribbean music that originated in trinidad and tobago from african and european roots. Some techniques can also be used with a sturdy umbrella or even a sword in its scabbard thicker andor heavier blunt weapons such as clubs or the mace are outside. Culture of trinidad and tobago history, people, women. In love trilogy gibbons has utilised the mourning rite of the spiritual baptists, in shepherd, stick fighting in lawah, kaiso and carnival in ogun ayan as in pan. In 1937 stickfighting was reintroduced in controlled competitions.
Search the history of over 431 billion web pages on the internet. The term kalenda emerged as a general term for the stick fight, the dance, the songs and other performances that accompany it. Saint kittsnevis, saint lucia, trinidad and tobago, western sahara. One of the largest street theatres for the carnival season, the annual canboulay riots reenactment, will take place on carnival friday morning, march 1, from 4 a. Stick fighting 2018 tonight is the night that a new or returning champion will be crowned stick fighting champion for trinidad and tobago carnival 2018. Gerard besson and bridget brerertons the book of trinidad santa barbara. Stickfighting was a ritual dance dating back to the days of slavery when men would duel with sticks bois in the centre of rings or gayelles, hence the word boismen or stickfighters. The celebration of carnival is synonymous with the twin island state of trinidad and tobago. Celebrating culture and the arts trinidad express newspapers. The winner is the first fighter to draw blood from his opponent. Trinidad does have huge snakes including pythons and south american. It is an annual celebration of the dance, song, music and cuisine of tobago, and strives to preserve tobagos unique cultural heritage. The tobago heritage festival takes place over two weeks from midjuly to emancipation day on 1st august. Some of the power boats average more than 90 mph on the 85mile crossing.
A wide variety of costumes called mas depicting traditional trinidadian carnival characters are seen throughout the trinidad and tobago carnival. Photos by vashti singh this couple enjoying themselves during the anslem douglas performance at the stickfighting finals held on wednesday night at the clifton hill beach resort, point fortin. Selwyn john was crowned champion last night at skinner park in san fernando, trinidad. Regional carnival commission stick fighting competition feb. There are three distinct features of trinidads carnival and they are the masquerade, the calypso and the steel band.
National stickfighting competition trinidad and tobago. Jan 08, 2016 the celebration of carnival is synonymous with the twin island state of trinidad and tobago. The bookman carries a pen and a large book in which he writes the names of. Open library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. I wish they will change the name of trinidad and tobago to trinidad tobago or to revert to its original amerindians name kaire or lere, which means the land of humming birds. Heres a clip of stick fighting in trinidad i found on youtube. The term kalenda emerged as a general term for the stickfight, the dance, the songs and other performances that accompany it. Stickfighting is an old african tradition brought to trinidad by the slaves during. See more ideas about trinidad, trinidad and tobago and port of spain. Stickfighting was banned in 1880 in response to the canboulay riots. Visit the merikin heritage villages and enjoy the history, food, music, drumming, dancing, stick fighting. Banwari trace in southwest trinidad is the oldest attested archaeological site in the caribbean, dating to about 5000 bc. Trinidad a stickfight dance event consisting of drumming to a special rhythm and call and response singing found.
The era of the jamette carnival was characterised by. The calinda is a musical accompaniment that has become synonymous with the practice of competitive stick fighting, popularized in trinidad and tobago and several other caribbean islands. In this vivid and exuberant book, journalist peter mason looks at the past, present. French planters with their slaves, free coloureds and mulattos from neighboring islands of grenada, guadeloupe, martinique and dominica migrated to trinidad during the cedula of population in 1783. At the beginning of carnival season, a national stick fighting competition takes place in trinidad every year with the winner receiving the title king of the rock. Guide to trinidad and tobago carnival the nowherian daughter. Previously known as the carib great race, this is an exciting power boat race that starts in trinidad and ends at store bay in tobago. In trinidad, there is a demarcation between masques and masks as the former refers to a band which wears costumes based on a particular theme whilst the latter refers to the covering of the face or head, by the masquerader.
The folklore of trinidad and tobago has pancaribbean appeal, as it is shared in common with many former french territories in the region from louisiana to haiti, guadeloupe, martinique, dominica and st. Stickfighting was a ritual dance dating back to the days of. Once the french came to trinidad, stick fighters were no longer known as. They engaged in masking, dancing, stick fighting, mocking the whites and. Virtually every aspect of tobago s rich history and culture is celebrated throughout the year, with yachting regattas, emancipation day, harvest festivals, the annual heritage festival and the new tobago jazz experience. Add to that a huge dash of socialising, friendship and happiness. Men with machetes hacked away at the thrashing monster, until the snake finally released its hold. At the moment, i am developing a historical research on african and african related cultures and i would like to know if you could kindly confirm whether the martial art called trinidad stick fighting is an original art from trinidad and tobago and if.
Nov 22, 2011 the guinness book of cricket facts and feats suggest the word may derive from old english, anglo saxon word cricce, crooked staff, and went on to wonder whether shepherds may have played it. These featured stringband instrumentals, calipsos and stickfighting kalendas a carnival. The chest mirror has a number of historical meanings, including protecting the. Today, the most wellknown and celebrated merikin descendent is samuel ebenezer elliott, affectionately known as pa neezer. After emancipation in 1838, freed slaves combined african culture with colonial influence to create characters that parodied the upperclass customs and costumes of carnival. And no festival is greater than the trinidad carnival. The roots of the genre lay in the arrival of enslaved africans, who, not being allowed to speak to each other, communicated through song. The roots of the genre lay in the arrival of enslaved africans, who, not being allowed. The emphasis of the book is on history, and great use is made of contemporary. Hey watch this up lets stick mine, but you could see some swelling there not a single stick money expert.
In the process, the activities continued to create elements of uniqueness in the carnival celebrations of trinidad and tobago. Calinda is the french spelling, and the spanish equivalent is calenda. Stickfighting is an old african tradition brought to trinidad by the slaves during the latter part of the 17th century stickfighting was a ritual dance dating back to the days of slavery when men would duel with sticks bois in the centre of rings or gayelles, hence the word boismen or stickfighters. However, the kalenda in trinidad is not significant as a dance but for the fact it has become associated with a form of stickfighting. Stickfighting was a ritual dance dating back to the days of slavery when men would. Perhaps edward of england at the age of 16 in the year 0 may have played it with a gascon youth named piers gaveston. History of carnival and its elements carnival in trinidad and tobago is celebrated before the commencement of the lenten season. I aint going just yet, but benji and jamie really good instruction and of course a lot of history about stick by what they call it.
He is remembered for claiming to have gone to jail 99 times for stick fighting. Calypso and dancing at the 2012 carnival, port of spain. Stick fighting stickfighting is an old african tradition brought to trinidad by the slaves during the latter part of the 17th century. Today, stickfighting gayelles all over trinidad and tobago form an important attraction as part of the annual carnival celebrations. This festival which was introduced by french settlers in 1783 has a long and unique history as it has been marked by various eras including that of the notorious jamette carnival. Boi man stick man or stick fighter gayelle a place where warriors meet for battle shantwell lead singer in the gayelle. Jan 16, 2019 top 10 books about trinidad and tobago.
Episode 2 alvin singh travels to trinidad to research a unique trinidadian stick fighting art and the history behind carnival in the west indies. History of steelband panorama of trinidad and tobago, 19631990. Trinidad and tobago has a new stick fighting champion for 2017. The book documents a number of sites across trinidad and tobago which are significant to people of african heritage, and includes places such as the meriken communities in moruga, the yoruba village in port of spain, the st. Stick fighter anderson marcano cuts down a poui tree to make a stick to compete in the finals of the national. By the mid1960s, bands began to move from historical to fantasy themes and by. Stickfighting is an old african tradition, brought to trinidad by the slaves. Stick fighting for self defense telnet vintage martial arts 1st edition pb book. African heritage sites in trinidad and tobago now in stores. The national archives of trinidad and tobago page 4. African culture, african history, african art, tribe society, caribbean culture, jazz. Since i arrived in trinidad in december, id been seeing posters up in public advertising stick fighting, and i finally experienced it for myself the other day. This year the traditional competition, which has deep history within the carnival celebrations, saw its largest crowd ever in attendance to view the art. The stick, about one inch in diameter and four feet long, is a piece of cured poui, gaspari or aouray.
Apparently its origins are related to slavery, and its an african thing. List of trinidad and tobago carnival character costumes. Dec 29, 2014 the book documents a number of sites across trinidad and tobago which are significant to people of african heritage, and includes places such as the meriken communities in moruga, the yoruba village in port of spain, the st. Local legend has it that the man survived but lost his mind in the ordeal and hasnt been sane since. It is both a martial art, a sport, a dance, and a musical form, with origins traced to the 1720s. All three plays capture the hopes and fears of ordinary people, using folk forms as a sourc of history and as a dramatic framework and structuring device for the plays themselves. The dynamism of the festival has sparked its reproduction throughout the rest of the caribbean island chain, and as far away as toronto, new york, miami and notting hill. Selwyn john is the king of the gayelle 2017 stick fighting. University press, 1979 and an introduction to the history of trinidad and tobago oxford, heinemann, 1996. Of these, stick fighting is the most prominent and can be seen in trinidad and tobagos carnival celebrations. With the rio carnival still drawing hundred of thousands of revellers, trinidad and tobago puts. Popular trinidad books meet your next favorite book.
Based on my limited research, the bois in stick fighting is pointing to a haitian origin based on the fact that when trinidad was under spanish control, the local ayuntamiento issued a cedula of population that allowed the french and their slaves to come to trinidad to escape the rebellions. In the overall this article is straightforward reference and an interesting reference for beginning students in trinidad tobago history. Session 6 4 mar 20 this entry was posted on march 20, 20 and tagged caribbeana, carnival, eintou pearl springer, keegan taylor, stickfighting, trinidad and tobago. Keegan taylor of bois academy of trinidad and tobago together with two very talented drummers brought the story of the gayelle to life. History of steelband panorama of trinidad and tobago, 1963. Traditional mas characters calinda or kalenda stick. African heritage sites in trinidad and tobago now in. It is also called creole wood, bois, and bataille bois, and is performed by men only. Feb 11, 2015 national stick fighting competition 2016 trinidad finals duration.456 861 1041 1198 463 521 1219 1623 877 154 14 1046 220 691 949 1310 1503 1067 944 332 286 961 1532 1469 811 821 723 1319 855 665 196 942 723 905 200 750 638 702 1172 1308 829 1091 340 572 1451